A small deck or terrace or balcony is enough spaces to create your vegetable garden and supply fresh fruits, vegetables, and vegetables? Is it worth the effort? It is worth it, and the following are some tips for those who want to start from scratch in the creation of an orchard at home in some steps.
Choice of place: location and orientation
If the garden is well designed, you save significant time in its subsequent maintenance, look for a sunny place, since most species need at least six hours a day of direct sun , and oriented in northeast direction, because it is the one that receives the most solar radiation ”.
Another tip: “High crops should be planted to the south or west of the lower crops, to prevent the shade from affecting other plants.”
Pots and containers, which are useful and which are not?
The pots containers to use (can be plastic bottles, drawers, wooden flower beds, rafts, cultivation tables, etc.) must have good drainage (holes in the base to drain excess water).
Arable land should be fertile, loose, spongy, well-aerated, and have good water and nutrient retention capacity.
The time of planting
This method is recommended for large and easy to handle seeds such as peas, corn, squash, squash, melon, or species that do not adapt to transplantation such as carrots, parsley, spinach, etc.
Attention: the seed must be placed at a depth no more than twice its size.
It is necessary to combine.
Combining taking into account varieties that require similar nutrients and irrigation, or associating vegetables with aromatic plants, since this way they take better advantage of the nutrients in the soil and allow better control of pests.
The rotation consists of alternating plants from different botanical families and with different nutritional needs in the same place on the ground during different periods, to keep the soil fertile and free of diseases and pests, it is useful, for example, to plant the vegetables that ripen later (beans, garlic, potatoes, onions, beets, carrots, cabbage, broccoli, cauliflower, and corn) in the same place where there were other fast-growing ones (lettuce, spinach, radishes, green onion, and peas).
ATTENTION: Allow at least three years to pass before re-growing the same vegetable or vegetables from the same family in the same place.
The best time to water is in the morning since evaporation is minimized. More irrigation is required in spring and summer because the crops are at their maximum size and in full production.
Warning: the accumulation of water causes suffocation of the roots of the plants.
It is convenient to carry out regular harvests every twenty or thirty days, and if it is in summer, it should be in the early morning or late afternoon. As for leafy vegetables, always take the outermost leaves.
IMPORTANT: harvest all ripe fruit since if you leave them, the plant may die.